Civil courts and civil processes. Civil liberties and human rights

The following topics form part of the unit Civil courts and civil processes. Civil liberties and human rights.

Civil courts and civil processes
Civil courts, types of civil action and the provision of legal services
The major courts, Magistrates’ (Family Proceedings) Court, County Court and High Court; basic principle of the tracking system – small claims, multi-track, fast track; issuing a claim and basic civil procedure; possibility of appeals; problems associated with using the civil courts –including cost of private funding; sources of advice – Citizens’ Advice Bureaux (CABx), law centres, trade unions, consumer organisations, insurance, Internet; conditional fee arrangements and public funding.
Tribunals and alternative dispute resolution (ADR)
Reasons for directing claims outside of the courts; general character of tribunals, major types of tribunal, eg Employment Tribunal; types of and character of ADR – arbitration, conciliation, mediation and negotiation; advantages and disadvantages of using these types rather than the courts.
The legal professions
Differences between barristers, solicitors and legal executives; training role and organisation of the main professions; criticisms associated with the legal professions.
Judges
Necessary qualifications and appointment; role; criticisms associated with the judiciary, eg composition and background.

Civil liberties and human rights
Basic freedoms
The nature of human rights; the development of human rights laws; the main types of freedom and reasons for restricting freedoms; rights and responsibilities.
Fundamental human rights
Existence of the European Convention of Human Rights and its relationship with the Human Rights Act 1998; key rights – Article 2: the right to life, Article 3: not to suffer torture or degrading treatment, Article 4: freedom from slavery, Article 5: the right to liberty apart from lawful arrest, Article 6: the right to a fair trial, Article 8: the right to respect for private and family life, Article 9: freedom of thought, conscience and religion, Article 10: freedom of expression, Article 11: freedom of peaceful assembly and association, Article 14: freedom from discrimination.

Small Claims Track

Magistrates Court

County Court

Alternative Dispute Resolution

Podcast: Public consultation on the future of the European Court of Human Rights

Interactive EU crossword

The Civil Courts and other forms of dispute resolution - arcade games quiz


© OCR 2011

GCSE Law September 2011

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