Bail - This term refers to the practice of releasing a defendant (or accused) from custody until their next appearance in court.
Bailiff - Bailiffs and enforcement officers are authorised by the courts to exercise certain powers.
Bankrupt - This amounts to insolvency i.e. Being unable to pay your creditors.
Bar Professional Training Course - The bptc (formerly known as the bar vocational course) is intended to cover the vocational stage in a barrister's training.
Barrister - A lawyer who is entitled to represent clients in all of the courts.
Battery - Battery is a summary criminal offence under s.39 of the criminal justice act 1988.
Beneficial Interest - The right of a party to some profit, distribution, or benefit from a contract or trust.
Beneficiary - Someone entitled or benefiting under a will.
Bequest - A gift of personal property (i.e. Jewellery, money).
Beyond All Reasonable Doubt - The jury must be satisfied beyond all reasonable doubt that the accused is guilty before they can reach such a verdict.
Bilateral Contract - A contract which involves each party in the negotiation of the terms.
Binding Precedent - This is a reference to a previous decision or case which must be followed.
Blackmail - An unwarranted demand with menaces.
Blameworthy - Behaviour which is wrong and unacceptable must be identified and the courts must punish those who are ‘blameworthy’.
Bona Fide - In good faith.
Bona Vacantia - According to the treasury solicitor "bona vacantia" literally means vacant goods.
Breach Of Contract - A breach of contract occurs when at least one party does not perform his or her obligations under the contract.
Break In The Chain Of Causation - When this occurs, the courts interpret this to mean that the accused’s conduct was not the cause of the harm or injury.
Brief - Solicitor's written instructions to counsel to appear at a hearing on behalf of a party.
Burden Of Proof - Principle of criminal law is that the accused is initially presumed innocent, the prosecution must prove guilt beyond reasonable doubt.
Burglary - Sec 9 of the theft act 1978 defines the offence of burglary.
Byelaws - Byelaws are a form of delegated or secondary legislation.