Cab Rank Rule - The cab rank rule has for many years meant that barristers are obliged to accept all cases sent to them if they fall within their expertise.
Caparo Three Part Test - A modern approach to establish that a duty of care is owed.
Case Law - This is the process whereby the past decisions of judges create law for future judges to follow.
Case Management Tracks - There are three case management tracks, civil cases are allocated to one of these three tracks.
Causation - The concept of causation is based upon the elements which go to make up criminal offences.
Caveat Emptor - This latin term has its origins in contract law.
Certiorari Volumus - 'we wish to be informed'.
Chain Of Causation - Sometimes referred to when the defendant triggers a series of events involving others who contribute to the harm or injury of the victim.
Change Of Position - Change of position may be presented as a defence to a claim for restitution for unjust enrichment.
Child Maintenance - Effective child maintenance agreements can make a big difference to the child's well being after divorce impacts on a family.
Circuit Judge - Circuit judges sit in the crown court and the county courts.
Citizens Advice Bureaux - The citizens advice service - helping resolve legal, money and other problems.
Citizens Arrest - when a member of the public arrests another member of the public.
Civil Injunction - Aimed at putting a prompt end to individuals participating in anti-social behaviour or preventing the behaviour happening.
Civil Law - Law involving disputes which do not amount to crimes.
Claimant - Another term for plaintiff.
Client Care Letter - The client care letter is to reassure and inform the client and to anticipate and prevent potential problems.
Closure Power - A fast and flexible power, it can be used to protect victims & communities by closing premises that are disorderly or causing a nuisance.
Codecision - Main legislative procedure used to adopt directives & regulations. Now known as the ordinary legislative procedure of the european union.
Codicil - An addition or amendment to a will.
Cohabitation - The word originates from the latin cohabitare meaning dwell together.
Coincidence (Contemporaneity) Rule - The contemporaneity rule is the coincidence of actus reus and mens rea.
Collateral Contract - A collateral contract can be between one of the two parties to the original contract and a third party.
Collective Agreements - These are agreements made between an employer's association (or sometimes by employers themselves) and trade unions representing employees.
Committee Stage - During the stage a detailed examination of each clause of the bill takes place.
Common Law - The system of laws originated and developed in england.
Common Mistake - A term used where both parties to a contract make the same mistake.
Common-Law Spouse - Common law marriage does not carry any legal rights or responsibilities.
Communication Of An Offer - An offer needs to be communicated to the other party before it can be accepted.
Community Legal Service - The legal services commission (lsc) runs the legal aid scheme in england and wales.
Community Protection Notice - This is intended to deal with particular persistent environmental anti-social behaviour, by targeting those responsible.
Community Remedy. - The community remedy is for anti-social behaviour and low-level criminal offences.
Community Trigger - The aim is that victims are able to demand action, starting with a review of their case, providing the locally defined threshold is met.
Compensatory Award - A sum of money made up of two parts: a basic award and a compensatory award.
Completion - The formal transfer of ownership or when property or land changes hands after signing a contract.
Conciliation - The process of adjusting or settling disputes in a friendly manner through extra judicial means.
Condition - A condition is a major term of a contract.
Condition Of Contract - A condition, as opposed to a warranty, is part of the root of the contract.
Conditional Fee Arrangements - Apart from family or criminal matters, many types of claim are suitable for a conditional fee agreement, commonly known as 'no win, no fee'.
Consensus Ad Idem - Meeting of the minds.
Consideration - 'some right, interest or benefit accruing to one party, or some forbearance, detriment,loss or responsibility given, suffered by the other'
Conspiracy - A conspiracy is an agreement between two or more persons to commit an offence.
Constructive Dismissal - Where an employee resigns and alleges that they were entitled to act in such a way as a result of the conduct of the employer.
Constructive/Unlawful Act Manslaughter - Constructive manslaughter is also referred to as unlawful act manslaughter. The death must be caused by an unlawful act.
Contempt Of Court - The reporting of judicial proceedings and recording and imaging is prohibited under the contempt of court act 1981.
Contingent - Depending on a condition or specified event.
Continuous Professional Development - After qualification and practical training, barristers must participate in a continuing education programme.
Contra Proferentem - A clause interpreted against the party who is relying on it.
Contract - A legally binding agreement.
Contributory Negligence - This is a form of defence to a claim of negligence.
Control Test - One of a number of tests developed by the courts to test the employee's status.
Conveyance - A document used to transfer ownership of land from one person to another where the land has not been registered at the land registry.
Corporate Manslaughter - The offence was created to provide a means of accountability for very serious management failings across the organisation.
Council Of Ministers - A representative of each member nation is sent to the council by the government.
Council Of The European Union - The council of the european union is an essential european union decision-maker.
Counselling - Examples might include the supply of suitable routes to properties to be burgled or the best times to carry out such crimes.
Counter Offer - An offer can be terminated by a counter offer.
County Court - County courts deal with civil cases and do not have jurisdiction to hear criminal cases.
Criminal Behaviour Order - Available on conviction for any criminal offence in any criminal court.
Criminal Cases Review Commission - The criminal cases review commission was set up in response to the number of miscarriages of justice.
Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority - The government body responsible for administering the criminal injuries compensation scheme in england, scotland and wales.
Criminal Law - Identifies and makes it a criminal offence to behave in ways considered wrong and for which society feels there is a need for punishment.
Criminal Law Revision Committee - This body was set up in 1959 and worked part time to review areas of the criminal law.
Cross-Purpose Mistake - Where each party to the contract makes different assumptions regarding the situation.
Crown Court - The most serious criminal cases such as murder, rape and robbery are heard in the crown court.
Crown Prosecution Service - An independent body responsible for the review of cases and the conduct of prosecutions.
Custodial Sentence - This is a sentence intended to punish the offender by taking his freedom away.
Custody - When someone is arrested they are usually taken to a police station where they will be held in custody in a cell.