Welcome to the glossary section here at lawmentor.co.uk!

Here you will be able to navigate the entire selection of legal definitions from auction to zander, michael.

Cab Rank Rule - The cab rank rule has for many years meant that barristers are obliged to accept all cases sent to them if they fall within their expertise.

Caparo Three Part Test - A modern approach to establish that a duty of care is owed.

Case Law - This is the process whereby the past decisions of judges create law for future judges to follow.

Case Management Tracks - There are three case management tracks, civil cases are allocated to one of these three tracks.

Causation - The concept of causation is based upon the elements which go to make up criminal offences.

Caveat Emptor - This latin term has its origins in contract law.

Certiorari Volumus - 'we wish to be informed'.

Chain Of Causation - Sometimes referred to when the defendant triggers a series of events involving others who contribute to the harm or injury of the victim.

Change Of Position - Change of position may be presented as a defence to a claim for restitution for unjust enrichment.

Child Maintenance - Effective child maintenance agreements can make a big difference to the child's well being after divorce impacts on a family.

Circuit Judge - Circuit judges sit in the crown court and the county courts.

Citizens Advice Bureaux - The citizens advice service - helping resolve legal, money and other problems.

Citizens Arrest - when a member of the public arrests another member of the public.

Civil Injunction - Aimed at putting a prompt end to individuals participating in anti-social behaviour or preventing the behaviour happening.

Civil Law - Law involving disputes which do not amount to crimes.

Claimant - Another term for plaintiff.

Client Care Letter - The client care letter is to reassure and inform the client and to anticipate and prevent potential problems.

Closure Power - A fast and flexible power, it can be used to protect victims & communities by closing premises that are disorderly or causing a nuisance.

Codecision - Main legislative procedure used to adopt directives & regulations. Now known as the ordinary legislative procedure of the european union.

Codicil - An addition or amendment to a will.

Cohabitation - The word originates from the latin cohabitare meaning dwell together.

Coincidence (Contemporaneity) Rule - The contemporaneity rule is the coincidence of actus reus and mens rea.

Collateral Contract - A collateral contract can be between one of the two parties to the original contract and a third party.

Collective Agreements - These are agreements made between an employer's association (or sometimes by employers themselves) and trade unions representing employees.

Committee Stage - During the stage a detailed examination of each clause of the bill takes place.

Common Law - The system of laws originated and developed in england.

Common Mistake - A term used where both parties to a contract make the same mistake.

Common-Law Spouse - Common law marriage does not carry any legal rights or responsibilities.

Communication Of An Offer - An offer needs to be communicated to the other party before it can be accepted.

Community Legal Service - The legal services commission (lsc) runs the legal aid scheme in england and wales.

Community Protection Notice - This is intended to deal with particular persistent environmental anti-social behaviour, by targeting those responsible.

Community Remedy. - The community remedy is for anti-social behaviour and low-level criminal offences.

Community Trigger - The aim is that victims are able to demand action, starting with a review of their case, providing the locally defined threshold is met.

Compensatory Award - A sum of money made up of two parts: a basic award and a compensatory award.

Completion - The formal transfer of ownership or when property or land changes hands after signing a contract.

Conciliation - The process of adjusting or settling disputes in a friendly manner through extra judicial means.

Condition - A condition is a major term of a contract.

Condition Of Contract - A condition, as opposed to a warranty, is part of the root of the contract.

Conditional Fee Arrangements - Apart from family or criminal matters, many types of claim are suitable for a conditional fee agreement, commonly known as 'no win, no fee'.

Consensus Ad Idem - Meeting of the minds.

Consideration - 'some right, interest or benefit accruing to one party, or some forbearance, detriment,loss or responsibility given, suffered by the other'

Conspiracy - A conspiracy is an agreement between two or more persons to commit an offence.

Constructive Dismissal - Where an employee resigns and alleges that they were entitled to act in such a way as a result of the conduct of the employer.

Constructive/Unlawful Act Manslaughter - Constructive manslaughter is also referred to as unlawful act manslaughter. The death must be caused by an unlawful act.

Contempt Of Court - The reporting of judicial proceedings and recording and imaging is prohibited under the contempt of court act 1981.

Contingent - Depending on a condition or specified event.

Continuous Professional Development - After qualification and practical training, barristers must participate in a continuing education programme.

Contra Proferentem - A clause interpreted against the party who is relying on it.

Contract - A legally binding agreement.

Contributory Negligence - This is a form of defence to a claim of negligence.

Control Test - One of a number of tests developed by the courts to test the employee's status.

Conveyance - A document used to transfer ownership of land from one person to another where the land has not been registered at the land registry.

Corporate Manslaughter - The offence was created to provide a means of accountability for very serious management failings across the organisation.

Council Of Ministers - A representative of each member nation is sent to the council by the government.

Council Of The European Union - The council of the european union is an essential european union decision-maker.

Counselling - Examples might include the supply of suitable routes to properties to be burgled or the best times to carry out such crimes.

Counter Offer - An offer can be terminated by a counter offer.

County Court - County courts deal with civil cases and do not have jurisdiction to hear criminal cases.

Criminal Behaviour Order - Available on conviction for any criminal offence in any criminal court.

Criminal Cases Review Commission - The criminal cases review commission was set up in response to the number of miscarriages of justice.

Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority - The government body responsible for administering the criminal injuries compensation scheme in england, scotland and wales.

Criminal Law - Identifies and makes it a criminal offence to behave in ways considered wrong and for which society feels there is a need for punishment.

Criminal Law Revision Committee - This body was set up in 1959 and worked part time to review areas of the criminal law.

Cross-Purpose Mistake - Where each party to the contract makes different assumptions regarding the situation.

Crown Court - The most serious criminal cases such as murder, rape and robbery are heard in the crown court.

Crown Prosecution Service - An independent body responsible for the review of cases and the conduct of prosecutions.

Custodial Sentence - This is a sentence intended to punish the offender by taking his freedom away.

Custody - When someone is arrested they are usually taken to a police station where they will be held in custody in a cell.