Welcome to the glossary section here at lawmentor.co.uk!

Here you will be able to navigate the entire selection of legal definitions from appeal by way of case stated to zander, michael.

Cab Rank Rule - The cab rank rule has for many years meant that barristers are obliged to accept all cases sent to them if they fall within their expertise.

Caparo Three Part Test - A modern approach to establish that a duty of care is owed.

Case Law - This is the process whereby the past decisions of judges create law for future judges to follow.

Case Management Tracks - There are three case management tracks, civil cases are allocated to one of these three tracks.

Causation - The concept of causation is based upon the elements which go to make up criminal offences.

Caveat Emptor - This latin term has its origins in contract law.

Certiorari Volumus - 'we wish to be informed'.

Chain Of Causation - Sometimes referred to when the defendant triggers a series of events involving others who contribute to the harm or injury of the victim.

Change Of Position - Change of position may be presented as a defence to a claim for restitution for unjust enrichment.

Child Maintenance - Effective child maintenance agreements can make a big difference to the child's well being after divorce impacts on a family.

Circuit Judge - Circuit judges sit in the crown court and the county courts.

Citizens Advice Bureaux - The citizens advice service - helping resolve legal, money and other problems.

Citizens Arrest - when a member of the public arrests another member of the public.

Civil Injunction - Aimed at putting a prompt end to individuals participating in anti-social behaviour or preventing the behaviour happening.

Civil Law - Law involving disputes which do not amount to crimes.

Claimant - Another term for plaintiff.

Client Care Letter - The client care letter is to reassure and inform the client and to anticipate and prevent potential problems.

Closure Power - A fast and flexible power, it can be used to protect victims & communities by closing premises that are disorderly or causing a nuisance.

Codecision - Main legislative procedure used to adopt directives & regulations. Now known as the ordinary legislative procedure of the european union.

Codicil - An addition or amendment to a will.

Cohabitation - The word originates from the latin cohabitare meaning dwell together.

Coincidence (Contemporaneity) Rule. - The contemporaneity rule is the coincidence of actus reus and mens rea.

Collateral Contract - A collateral contract can be between one of the two parties to the original contract and a third party.

Collective Agreements - These are agreements made between an employer's association (or sometimes by employers themselves) and trade unions representing employees.

Committee Stage - During the stage a detailed examination of each clause of the bill takes place.

Common Law - The system of laws originated and developed in england.

Common Mistake - A term used where both parties to a contract make the same mistake.

Common-Law Spouse - Common law marriage does not carry any legal rights or responsibilities.

Communication Of An Offer - An offer needs to be communicated to the other party before it can be accepted.

Community Legal Service - The legal services commission was replaced by the legal aid agency in 2013.

Community Protection Notice - This is intended to deal with particular persistent environmental anti-social behaviour, by targeting those responsible.

Community Remedy. - The community remedy is for anti-social behaviour and low-level criminal offences.

Community Trigger - The aim is that victims are able to demand action, starting with a review of their case, providing the locally defined threshold is met.

Compensatory Award - A sum of money made up of two parts: a basic award and a compensatory award.

Completion - The formal transfer of ownership or when property or land changes hands after signing a contract.

Conciliation - The process of adjusting or settling disputes in a friendly manner through extra judicial means.

Condition - A condition is a major term of a contract.

Condition Of Contract - A condition, as opposed to a warranty, is part of the root of the contract.

Conditional Fee Arrangements - Apart from family or criminal matters, many types of claim are suitable for a conditional fee agreement, commonly known as 'no win, no fee'.

Consensus Ad Idem - Meeting of the minds.

Consideration - 'some right, interest or benefit accruing to one party, or some forbearance, detriment,loss or responsibility given, suffered by the other'

Conspiracy - A conspiracy is an agreement between two or more persons to commit an offence.

Constructive Dismissal - Where an employee resigns and alleges that they were entitled to act in such a way as a result of the conduct of the employer.

Constructive/Unlawful Act Manslaughter - Constructive manslaughter is also referred to as unlawful act manslaughter. The death must be caused by an unlawful act.

Contempt Of Court - The reporting of judicial proceedings and recording and imaging is prohibited under the contempt of court act 1981.

Contingent - Depending on a condition or specified event.

Continuous Professional Development - After qualification and practical training, barristers must participate in a continuing education programme.

Contra Proferentem - A clause interpreted against the party who is relying on it.

Contract - A legally binding agreement.

Contributory Negligence - This is a form of defence to a claim of negligence.

Control Test - One of a number of tests developed by the courts to test the employee's status.

Conveyance - A document used to transfer ownership of land from one person to another where the land has not been registered at the land registry.

Corporate Manslaughter - The offence was created to provide a means of accountability for very serious management failings across the organisation.

Council Of Ministers - A representative of each member nation is sent to the council by the government.

Council Of The European Union - The council of the european union is an essential european union decision-maker.

Counselling - Examples might include the supply of suitable routes to properties to be burgled or the best times to carry out such crimes.

Counter Offer - An offer can be terminated by a counter offer.

County Court - County courts deal with civil cases and do not have jurisdiction to hear criminal cases.

Criminal Behaviour Order - Available on conviction for any criminal offence in any criminal court.

Criminal Cases Review Commission - The criminal cases review commission was set up in response to the number of miscarriages of justice.

Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority - The government body responsible for administering the criminal injuries compensation scheme in england, scotland and wales.

Criminal Law - Identifies and makes it a criminal offence to behave in ways considered wrong and for which society feels there is a need for punishment.

Criminal Law Revision Committee - This body was set up in 1959 and worked part time to review areas of the criminal law.

Cross-Purpose Mistake - Where each party to the contract makes different assumptions regarding the situation.

Crown Court - The most serious criminal cases such as murder, rape and robbery are heard in the crown court.

Crown Prosecution Service - An independent body responsible for the review of cases and the conduct of prosecutions.

Custodial Sentence - This is a sentence intended to punish the offender by taking his freedom away.

Custody - When someone is arrested they are usually taken to a police station where they will be held in custody in a cell.