Welcome to the glossary section here at lawmentor.co.uk!

Here you will be able to navigate the entire selection of legal definitions from actual bodily harm (abh) to zander, michael.

Parent Act - Parent acts are enabling acts which set out the framework of legislation.

Partial Performance - The completion or provision of a part of the agreement either party of a contract has agreed.

Pecuniary - From latin pecuniarius, "of, or pertaining to money"

Penalty Clause - An agreement in a contract to pay a sum of money if there is a breach of contract.

Per Incuriam - Meaning 'through carelessness or lack of care' including without regard to appropriate statutory provision or binding precedent.

Per Stirpes - This is a term that can arise when a beneficiary predeceases a testator or a testatrix.

Performance - A contract is discharged or is at an end when the parties have performed all the terms of the contract.

Personal Chattels - This is a term used in wills and probate matters.

Personal Representative - A term used in wills and probate matters.

Persuasive Precedent - A previous decision which does not have to be followed by the judge in a later case.

Petitioner - The petitioner is the person presenting the action.

Ping-Pong - The movement of amendments to bills between the house of commons and the house of lords if there are disagreements about legislation.

Plea - A statement in which the accused says in court that he or she is guilty or not guilty of a crime.

Plea And Case Management Hearing - This is always heard at crown court and is the first hearing after committal.

Plea Before Venue - "plea before venue" was aimed at reducing the number of cases magistrates felt it necessary to send to the crown court.

Police Dispersal Power - A preventative power allowing an officer to deal instantly with someone’s anti-social behaviour and stopping it before it escalates.

Police Search Of Premises Of An Arrested Person. - Sec 32 of the police and criminal evidence act 1984 sets out the conditions for this.

Police Search Of Premises With Consent. - The police are able to search your premises if you have given them permission to do so.

Police Search Of Premises With Warrant. - The police must comply with the procedural rules set out in police and criminal evidence act 1984 section 15 and 16.

Preamble - Words appearing near the beginning of an act after the long title.

Precedent - Judicial precedent is the process whereby the past decisions of judges create law for future judges to follow.

Predecease - To die before the testator/testatrix

Predecessor - The word predecessor is derived from the french predecesseor for 'forebear'.

Presumption - Contract Law - A presumption is something that is expected to be taken as the truth.

Prima Facie - A latin phrase meaning 'first sight'.

Principal Offender - A principal is one who carries out the substantive offence he performs the conduct element of the offence with the required fault element.

Private Bills - Private bills are usually promoted by organisations, like local authorities or private companies.

Private Members' Bills - Private members' bills can be introduced in either house and must go through the same stages as public bills.

Private Nuisance - The continuous, unlawful and indirect interference with the use or enjoyment of land, or of some right over or in connection with it.

Privity Of Contract - The relationship between the two parties to a contract that confers a right to take action on that contract.

Pro Bono - If you do not qualify for free legal aid, it may be possible to arrange for a solicitor to act for you.

Probate Or Letters Of Administration - These are terms used in wills and probate matters.

Probate Registry - This is a term used in wills and probate matters.

Procuring - Examples might include the person who 'spikes' a driver's drink with alcohol knowing he may drive later and endanger lives.

Promisee - The promisee is the person for whose benefit the promise is made.

Promisor - This refers to the person who makes the promise.

Proportionality - The principle of proportionality is laid down in article 5 - lisbon treaty on european union.

Prorogation - Prorogation marks the end of the parliamentary session.

Proving The Will - This is a term used in wills and probate matters.

Public Bills - Public bills tend to be general in nature and affect everyone.

Public Nuisance - Public nuisance is wider in its application than private nuisance.

Public Spaces Protection Order - Orders to ensure the law-abiding majority can make use of and enjoy public spaces, safe from anti-social behaviour.

Puisne Judge - Puisne judges, also known as high court judges, sit in the high court.

Pupillage - Trainee barristers must complete a period of pupillage meaning supervision by a supervising barrister.

Purchaser Or Buyer - A term used in legal work arising out of the sale and purchase of property.

Purdah - Used to describe the period of time immediately before elections or referendums.

Purposive Approach - Under this rule judges are attempting to identify what they believe parliament meant to achieve.